Background: Obesity, age and hormone imbalances including hypothyroidism and growth hormone deficiency and therapy, but not gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) therapy, have been identified as risk factors for slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Five of 7 reported cases describe SCFE in children shortly after GnRHa therapy cessation. Methods: We report 3 cases of SCFE that occurred in children on GnRHa therapy for the treatment of central precocious puberty (CPP) and discuss possible promoting factors. Results: An otherwise healthy 8.75-year-old girl [body mass index (BMI) Z score +1.75] developed SCFE 6.75 years into GnRHa therapy for idiopathic CPP. A second girl (with a history of acute lymphoblastic leukemia requiring total body irradiation) was 10.6 years old (BMI Z score +1.06) when she developed SCFE 3.3 years into GnRHa therapy. The third case was an 8.75-year-old female with CPP secondary to a hypothalamic hamartoma (BMI Z score +1.65) who developed bilateral SCFE 5.6 years into therapy. Conclusion: Increasing evidence suggests an association between GnRHa therapy for CPP and the occurrence of SCFE. We suggest that a lack of adequate sex hormone exposure at a ‘critical period' of bone formation may result in a weakened epiphysis that becomes susceptible to slipping.

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