Objective: We tested the impact of commencement of GH replacement therapy in GH-deficient (GHD) adults on the circulating levels of other anterior pituitary and peripheral hormones and the need for re-evaluation of other hormone replacement therapies, especially the need for dose changes. Methods: 22 GHD patients were investigated in a double-blind randomized study and 90 GHD patients in an open study at baseline and after 6 and 12 months of GH replacement therapy. Results: In the placebo-controlled trial, the FT3 levels increased after 6 months in the GH-treated group, and in the open study the FT3 levels tended to increase. Other hormone concentrations did not change in either part of the study. Four patients required an increase in thyroxine dose, while 2 patients needed dose reduction. One originally euthyroid patient required thyroxine replacement. Two patients with originally conserved pituitary-adrenal function developed ACTH insufficiency. The hydrocortisone dose was increased in 1 and decreased in 1 of the 66 patients with secondary hypocortisolism. None of the females required any adjustment of sex hormone replacement therapy. Two of 37 males needed dose increase of testosterone, while 1 needed dose reduction. Conclusion: GH replacement therapy required dose adjustments regarding other hormone replacement therapies in 12.2% (n = 11), while initiation of new hormone replacement was performed in 3.3% (n = 3) of the 90 patients during the 1-year follow-up. Monitoring of pituitary hormone axes is advisable after commencement of GH replacement therapy, since changes of hormone replacement therapy was observed in a small but clinically significant number of patients.

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