Objectives: The aim of the present study was to study the effect of catch-up growth on the offspring’s length at birth among females born short for gestational age. Methods: Data of 1,363 females born short for gestational age (<–2 standard deviation scores) were obtained from the Swedish Birth Register. The females were included in the register both as babies and mothers. The effect of catch-up growth on the offspring’s birth length was studied. Results: Short adult stature was associated with a threefold increase in the risk of giving birth to a short infant [OR 3.08 (CI 1.73–5.50)] and smoking increased the risk in a dose-dependent manner. Overweight was associated with a reduced risk [OR 0.46 (CI 0.22–0.96)] of giving birth to a short infant. Conclusion: Catch-up growth to normal adult stature among women born short for gestational age is associated with a reduced risk of giving birth to a short-for-gestational-age infant.

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