Norepinephrine increased the in vitro uptake of 3H-estradiol by the uterus of spayed rats. This effect was observed at 15 and 30 min but not at 90 min. Norepinephrine also increased the binding of 3H-estradiol by the nuclear (p < 0.02) and the cytosol fractions (p < 0.01) when incubated with uterine homogenates, suggesting that norepinephrine does not require the presence of the intact tissue to exert its effects. The in vivo uptake of 3H-estradiol and the determination of the number of binding sites were performed in the uterus of rats treated with estradiol and estradiol plus norepinephrine. Norepinephrine alone increased the uptake of 3H-estradiol and the number of binding sites. The highest increment in both parameters was observed in the uterus of rats treated with estradiol plus norepinephrine. The estradiol Ka of the rat uterus cytosol treated with estradiol alone or plus norepinephrine was higher than that observed in the group without estradiol, suggesting the presence of different proteins that bind estradiol. These results indicate that norepinephrine increases the entrance of estradiol into the rat uterus both in vitro and in vivo.