To explore the effects of estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) and recombinant growth hormone (GH) treatment on bone mineral density (BMD) in Turner’s syndrome, we assessed volumetric BMD (vBMD), which is less dependent on body and bone sizes, in these patients at final height. The areal BMD (aBMD) was measured in 26 young women with Turner’s syndrome (age range 17.5–25.0 years) by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, and vBMD was calculated. Patients were subdivided as group 1 (n = 12; ERT alone) and group 2 (n = 14; GH + ERT). Years of estrogen exposure were not different between the groups (group 1: 6.4 ± 1.5 years; group 2: 5.3 ± 1.7 years); in group 2, GH therapy was 5.3 ± 1.4 years. Final heights were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1 (148.1 ± 3.0 vs. 142.0 ± 2.8 cm; p < 0.0001) as well as aBMD (1.073 ± 0.118 vs. 0.968 ± 0.122 g/cm2; p < 0.04). vBMD was higher in group 2 but not significantly different from group 1 (0.374 ± 0.030 vs. 0.358 ± 0.027 g/cm3; p = 0.169). aBMD was reduced with respect to the normative values in both groups (group 1: –1.97 ± 1.04 SDS, p < 0.0001 vs. 0; group 2: –0.93 ± 1.01 SDS, p < 0.005 vs. 0), whereas vBMD was not (group 1: –0.07 ± 0.79 SDS; group 2: 0.42 ± 0.82 SDS). Our data suggest that: in Turner’s syndrome GH administration improves final height and aBMD, but it does not significantly increase vBMD; aBMD reduction in Turner’s syndrome is likely due to the impaired growth and reduced bone size; Turner’s patients on ERT from adolescence show vBMD values in the normal range in young adulthood.

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