Objectives: Linkage analysis can help determine regions of interest in whole-genome sequence studies. However, many linkage studies rely on older microsatellite (MSAT) panels. We set out to determine whether results would change if we regenotyped families using a dense map of SNPs. Methods: We selected 47 Hispanic-American families from the NIMH Repository and Genomics Resource (NRGR) schizophrenia data repository. We regenotyped all individuals with DNA available from the NRGR on the Affymetrix Lat Array. After optimizing SNP selection for inclusion on the linkage map, we compared information content (IC) and linkage results using MSAT, SNP and MSAT+SNP maps. Results: As expected, SNP provided a higher average IC (0.78, SD 0.03) than MSAT (0.51, SD 0.10) in a direct ‘apples-to-apples' comparison using only individuals genotyped on both platforms; while MSAT+SNP provided only a slightly higher IC (0.82, SD 0.03). However, when utilizing all available individuals, including those who had genotypes available on only one platform, the IC was substantially increased using MSAT+SNP (0.76, SD 0.05) compared to SNP (0.61, SD 0.02). Linkage results changed appreciably between MSAT and MSAT+SNP in terms of magnitude, rank ordering and localization of peaks. Conclusions: Regenotyping older family data can substantially alter the conclusions of linkage analyses.

This content is only available via PDF.
Open Access License / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Open Access License: This is an Open Access article licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported license (CC BY-NC) (www.karger.com/OA-license), applicable to the online version of the article only. Distribution permitted for non-commercial purposes only.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.