We describe an approach for picking haplotype-tagging single nucleotide polymorphisms (htSNPs) that is presently being taken in two large nested case-control studies within a multiethnic cohort (MEC), which are engaged in a search for associations between risk of prostate and breast cancer and common genetic variations in candidate genes. Based on a preliminary sample of 70 control subjects chosen at random from each of the 5 ethnic groups in the MEC we estimate haplotype frequencies using a variant of the Excoffier-Slatkin E-M algorithm after genotyping a high density of SNPs selected every 3–5 kb in and surrounding a candidate gene. In order to evaluate the performance of a candidate set of htSNPS (which will be genotyped in the much larger case-control sample) we treat the haplotype frequencies estimate above as known, and carry out a formal calculation of the uncertainty of the number of copies of common haplotypes carried by an individual, summarizing this calculation as a coefficient of determination, R2h. A candidate set of htSNPS of a given size is chosen so as to maximize the minimum value of R2h over the common haplotypes, h.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.