Three different p53 DNA polymorphisms (a 16-bp duplication in intron 3 and Bst Uland Msp lRFLPs in exon 4 and intron 6, respectively) and haplotype combinations were studied in some major ethnic groups: Caucasians (Swedes), Chinese, Dravidian Indians and African Blacks. Significant ethnic differences in single polymorphisms were found between all groups except for African Blacks-Dravidian Indians, who differed only in their Msp I7-16-bp duplication haplotype distribution. Since previous results have shown that p53 alleles are correlated with latitude (degree of insolation), the similarity between these two groups, who are genetically quite distinct, may be due to ecological adaptation to similar climatic conditions. All other major ethnic groups differed significantly from each other with respect to their haplotype distributions; thus, p53 alleles and haplotypes should be very useful as anthropological markers. Asiatic Mongoloid groups appear to be characterized by very low frequencies of the 16-bp duplication and the Msp IA1 allele. These mutations have probably been introduced by migration to east Asia from either Europe or Africa, where the highest frequencies were found. The results of this study indicate that p53, besides its role as a tumor suppressor, shows distinct ethnic heterogeneity and may be involved in ecological (climatic) adaptation.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.