This paper reports the frequency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency in the male and female population of Al-Ula in the northwestern province of Saudi Arabia. The frequency of G6PD deficiency in the male population was 0.098 and in the females it was 0.028. This frequency is significantly lower than those reported for other malaria endemic regions in Arabia. The population was further subgrouped on the basis of their haemoglobin phenotypes and the highest frequency of G6PD deficiency was obtained in male Hb S heterozygotes followed by the male Hb S homozygotes. Phenotyping of G6PD revealed the presence of G6PD-Mediterranean, G6PDA+, G6PDA- and G6PD Mediterranean-like, and the frequency of these variants in Al-Ula was different from those reported in other regions of Saudi Arabia.

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