Break points of structural rearrangements of human chromosomes can be identified by banding techniques. The present study attempts to analyze the randomness and the distribution of the reported spontaneous break points in the human genome. Reports of break points in structural rearrangements of human chromosomes from the published sources up to October 1976 were analyzed. Based on the assumption that each unit length of band has an equal chance of being broken, χ2 tests show that positions of breakage are highly non-random; that is, breaks are more frequent in the negative band areas and in the centromeric and terminal regions. In double-break rearrangements the same band types tend to rejoin. The distribution of breaks is not proportional to the chromosome length. The longer chromosomes (i.e., 1–12, X) have a lower number of breaks per unit length, while the shorter chromosomes (i.e., 13–22, Y) have a greater number of breaks per unit length with the exception of chromosomes 4, 9,10,16,17,19,20 and X. Out of the whole genome, chromosomes 9, 13, 18, 21, 22 and Y have the most breaks per unit length and chromosomes 16, 6, 2, 3 and 19 have the fewest. 18p11,21q22 and Yp11 are the three bands with most frequent breaks. There are 53 bands where no breaks have been reported.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.