Blood specimens were obtained from 281 inhabitants of an Eti-Turk village with a population of about 500. Starch gel (pH 8.6) and agar gel (pH 6.45) electrophoresis were performed in 279 of the specimens. Hb S was present in 105 partially interrelated persons (37.36%), three of whom had sickle-cell anaemia. Hb E was detected in 5 persons (1.79%), one of whom was a double heterozygote for Hb S and Hb E. One Hb S + α-thalassaemia and 7 Hb S with elevated Hb A’2 combinations were found. The β-thalassaemia gene prevalence was 0.0377. Hb A2 was found in 4 persons (1.42%), and Hb F was slightly increased in 37 (22.3%) persons with a normal haemoglobin picture. Erythrocyte G-6-PD deficiency was 10% among males.

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