The primary purpose of this article was to examine research findings pertaining to whether the genders express psychological individualism comparably. Gender comparisons of scores on four constructs deemed to reflect psychological individualism (personal identity, self-actualization, internal locus of control, and principled moral reasoning) provide no basis for concluding gender differences exist. The relationships of these variables to measures of effective psychological functioning (personal well-being, competence, and social interdependence) were comparable for males and females. This gender-neutral finding is addressed in the context of a challenge to the traditional perspective that females are, and perhaps should be, connected while males are individuated.

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