The concept of moral intentionality was analyzed and shown to be concerned with the more general ethical problem of responsibility. Four levels of intention or responsibility were specified: (1) completely innocent accident; (2) accident due to slight carelessness; (3) accident due to recklessness, and (4) consequence resulting from fully intentional purposive act. It was concluded on the basis of this analysis that empirical studies that make use of various levels of intention are needed, and that the consequences of actions have moral importance despite the misleading impression created on this issue by some of the work in the area. The results of the analysis were also used to help resolve an apparent contradiction between Hoffman’s findings and the results of the work on intentionality.

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