Objective: To assess whether there is an association between HIV and invasive cervical cancer (ICC). Methodology: A case-control study was conducted in Kampala between 1993 and 1995. 116 women with ICC were matched by age and parity with 116 hospital controls. Participants were tested for HIV and interviewed to assess risk factors for ICC and HIV. The association between HIV and ICC was assessed by conditional logistic regression. Results: HIV prevalence was 18% among cases and 15% among controls. The odds of having ICC for HIV-infected patients was 1.27 (95% CI 0.58–2.80) when compared to controls, and the odds of being infected with HIV was higher in ICC patients aged <33 years (OR = 3.81) when compared to controls of similar age. HIV-infected ICC patients were younger (mean age 35.8 years) compared to 46.5 years in the ICC HIV-negative group (p = 0.021). Conclusion: HIV is associated with an earlier onset of ICC.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.