The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of intranasal estradiol on lipid metabolism and lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] levels. A prospective comparative study was designed: 49 hysterectomized, healthy postmenopausal women received intranasal 17β-estradiol (E2; 300 µg/day). Blood samples were collected at baseline and at the end of the 3 and 6 months of therapy. After 6 months, the serum levels of total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol and triglycerides did not show any significant change with intranasal 17β-E2 therapy. HDL-cholesterol levels at 3 and 6 months of treatment were significantly increased compared with baseline levels (p = 0.031, p = 0.000, respectively). There was a significant change in serum Lp(a) levels at the 6th month (p = 0.003) but not at the 3rd month (p = 0.183) compared with the baseline levels. Further studies are needed to detect whether these changes are significant and permanent or not.

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