Objective: To compare the efficacy of piezo-assisted micromanipulation with conventional micromanipulation for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) into oocytes in patients with impaired semen parameters and no success with in vitro fertilization (IVF). Study Design: A retrospective randomized study was conducted on 204 cycles for 104 couples with piezo-assisted ICSI and 122 cycles for 96 couples with conventional ICSI. Piezo-assisted ICSI consists of two steps, namely penetration of the zona pellucida alone with a piezo-pulse and then puncturing of the oolemma with a light negative pressure without piezo, as with conventional ICSI. The tips of injection pipettes were prepared after pulling by breakage with a scalpel under a microscope, so that the inner diameter at and near the tip was 5 µm, as for conventional ICSI. Results: Piezo-assisted ICSI demonstrated significantly more favorable results, with a fertilization rate of 90.3% (conventional ICSI: 83.1%, p < 0.01) and a cleavage rate of 88.1% (conventional ICSI: 84.6%, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Piezo-assisted ICSI is easy to incorporate a spermatozoa exactly into the ooplasm with little deformation of the oocyte during insertion. Piezo-assisted ICSI can be used effectively for human oocytes to improve the fertilization, cleavage rates.

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