Objective: To determine whether, in addition to treatment with antibiotics, it is necessary to remove the intrauterine device (IUD) to eliminate genital colonization by Actinomyces. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was carried out. Patients were divided into two groups. The intervention group did not have their IUDs removed, while the control group did. Both groups were treated with trimethoprim and sulfamethoxazole. A total of 43 patients were included. Results: The patients from the intervention group and the control group proved to be comparable. The post-intervention cytology smear tested negative for Actinomyces in 100% of the patients whose IUD had been removed and in 66.7% of those whose IUD had not been removed (p = 0.005). The probability that colonization by Actinomyces will continue if the IUD is not removed is greater the longer the patient has been exposed to the IUD. After 24 months, relative risk (RR) = 2, after 36 months RR = 2.16 and after 48 months RR = 2.66. Conclusions: The removal of the IUD has been effective in genital colonization by Actinomyces. The protective effect exerted by the removal of the IUD was found to be greater in proportion to the length of time the patient had used it.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.