Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the uterine cervix is a rare tumor with unknown etiology. We report a case of adenoid cystic carcinoma occurring in a young woman, associated with multiple human papillomavirus (HPV)-related lesions including condyloma acuminata, vulvar intraepithelial neoplasm, cervical intraepithelial neoplasm and invasive basaloid squamous cell carcinoma. While adenoid cystic carcinoma has previously been found to coexist with squamous cell carcinoma or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, its association with such a variety of HPV-related lesions in our case has not been previously reported, and raises the speculation that HPV may also be the causative factor for adenoid cystic carcinoma. However, in situ DNA hybridization and polymerase chain reaction in our current study failed to demonstrate the existence of HPV DNA in adenoid cystic carcinoma.

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