The neonatal period is probably the only time when a higher incidence of spontaneous thromboembolic complications may occur in the otherwise normal healthy individual, and this may be related to the activation of the coagulation system at the time of parturition. This study was performed to look at the newborn coagulation and anticoagulation systems and compare these with the changes in the maternal circulation in normal cases. Paired umbilical cord venous and maternal venous blood samples were obtained and plasma levels of protein C, protein S, antithrombin III, fibronopeptide A, fibrinogen, plasminogen, and fibrinolytic inhibitory activity were measured. The maternal plasma level was significantly higher in all cases except for fibrinopeptide A which was similar, and for fibrinolytic inhibitory activity which was lower (p < 0.05). A significant correlation exists between maternal and newborn protein C levels (p < 0.02) and fibrinolytic inhibitory activity (p < 0.05). The findings indicate that parturition leads to a similar degree of activation of the newborn coagulation system as shown by the fibrinopeptide A level. As their anticoagulants and fibrinolytic activity levels are lower and the fibrinolytic inhibitory activity is higher, the newborns are thus predisposed to thrombosis even in the absence of complications such as sepsis.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.