Chemotherapie und Strahlentherapie bewirken bei jungen Frauen mit onkologischen Erkrankungen oft eine starke Reduktion der ovarialen Funktion mit menopausalen Beschwerden und Infertilität. Die teilweise oder vollständige Erhaltung des Ovars könnte nach Reimplantation die Hormonproduktion wiederherstellen und eine natürliche Empfängnis ermöglichen. Gewebescheiben von Ovarien konnten bereits erfolgreich reimplantiert werden, waren aber nur von kurzer Lebensdauer. Die Retransplantation kryopräservierter ganzer Ovarien wird nach Vorversuchen an Schweinen zurzeit bei Schafen durchgeführt. Hormonproduktion und Schwangerschaft sollen die ovariale Funktion beweisen.

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