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Introduction: Footcare is an important component of wellbeing in older adults and the promotion of appropriate footcare interventions is imperative for health professionals working with this population. In this scoping review, we describe the health promotion models informing footcare interventions for older people. The objectives were to (i) understand the context(s) where health promotion models have informed footcare interventions; (ii) identify the health promotion models informing interventions; and (iii) document the effectiveness of theoretically informed health promotion interventions for improving footcare in older adults. Methods: Footcare interventions developed using health promotion models worldwide and published in English before July 2023 were searched using MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, and Google Scholar. Results: A total of 2,078 articles were identified, of which 31 were retrieved and assessed for eligibility. Eight articles met the eligibility criteria, with most interventions delivered in Asia (n=5) and using Self-efficacy Theory as their theoretical framework (n=6). Most of the studies included people with diabetes (n=6) and outcomes were measured using foot health outcomes, knowledge of foot health, and footcare behaviours and self-efficacy. Conclusion: This scoping review has identified a range of footcare interventions, with most demonstrating promising outcomes on improving footcare in older adults. Approaches towards methods and dosage of intervention varied across the studies and more broadly, we identified that few studies report the health promotion model informing the design of intervention(s). Further research is required to ascertain which health promotion model, modality of promotion, and implementation approach are the most effective for improving footcare in older adults.

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