Sleep symptoms, cognitive, psychic, and physical health variables were assessed in a sample of 449 community-dwelling elders aged 75 and over. The subjects were in a good cognitive and functional condition. Three night sleep symptoms were evaluated: difficulty falling asleep, waking up frequently in the night, and early morning awakenings. For each symptom, respondents were asked to estimate the frequency of the symptom during the past month on a five-point scale. White-collar workers reported the best, and blue-collar workers the poorest quality of sleep: the difference in the difficulty of falling asleep between the two groups was 0.86, of waking up frequently in the night 0.93, of early morning awakenings 1.01 (corresponding to 3 days/month, 5 days/month, and 3.5 days/month, respectively), and of total sleep symptoms 2.81. These unadjusted differences were reduced, respectively, to 0.57, 0.42, 0.54, and 1.53 after adjustment for other factors. Of these, only waking up frequently in the night was not statistically significant. These data show more frequent sleep symptoms in socially disadvantaged occupational groups, suggesting that social factors can significantly affect the quality of sleep in the elderly.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.