Ten fetuses with gastroschisis on whom a prenatal sonographic diagnosis and evaluation were available and who delivered at the University of California, San Francisco, were evaluated retrospectively. Six fetuses were delivered vaginally without mortality and minimal or absent morbidity. Four were delivered abdominally, 2 for unrelated obstetrical indications. A 3rd fetus had a suspected prenatal bowel perforation and was the sole mortality. Only 1 mother underwent primary cesarean section, specifically due to the fetal gastroschisis. Umbilical cord pH values were normal in those delivered vaginally. With careful ultrasound examination and immediate neonatal surgical capability in a level III perinatal center, vaginal delivery of fetuses with gastroschisis can be associated with excellent outcome. A multinational randomized study of the delivery mode of fetuses with gastroschisis is necessary and appropriate at this time.

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