Introduction: Speech sound disorder (SSD) is a speech and language disorder associated with difficulties in motor production, perception, and phonological representation of sounds and speech segments. Since auditory perception has a fundamental role in forming and organizing sound representation for its recognition, studies that evaluate the cortical processing of sounds are required. Thus, the present study aimed to verify the relation between SSD severity measured by the percentage of correct consonants (PCCs) with the cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) using speech stimulus. Methods: Twenty-nine children with normal hearing participated in this research and were grouped into three groups by SSD level measured by the PCC index. In addition, the groups were subdivided according to the children’s age group: between 60–71 months, 72–83 months, and 83–94 months. The CAEP with speech stimulus was carried out in all children. Results: Older children had longer P1 and N1 latencies. In P2 latency, there was an interference of age only in the severe group. The N2 latency was affected by age, where older children had longer latency. Conclusion: The amplitude of CAEP has not suffered any interference with the age, or severity of SSD. For the latency, older children generally presented longer averages than younger ones.

Speech sound disorders (SSDs) are a language disorder prevalent in children and are featured by difficulties in the perception, production, and organization of speech sounds. This disorder can be associated with some deficits in the sound process. Thus, this study used a speech stimulus to measure the relationship between age and SSD severity, measured by the percentage of correct consonants, with cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs). The latency of P1, N1, P2, N2, and P3 components and P1-N1, P2-N2, and P3 amplitudes were analyzed in both ears. No interference of severity, age, and ear was found in the latency of P1 and N1 components. The P2 latency was longer than the one proposed in the literature, and younger children with more severe SSD had lower mean latency values for this component. No interaction was found between the N2 latency and SSD severity. As for P3 latency, all children in this study had values within the normal limits for the age group. No SSD severity, age, and ear interference were observed in the P1-N1 amplitude. However, it was observed that the amplitude of this complex increases with age and decreases with SSD severity in the right ear. Finally, there was no SSD severity, age, and ear interference in P2-N2 and P3 amplitudes. CAEP analysis showed important aspects of the auditory path of children with SSD, suggesting difficulty in directing attention and discriminating the stimuli used, which can interfere with the phonological representation of speech sounds.

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