Background: The use of a creaky voice in speech has become more common. Laryngeal findings relate creaky voice with strong adductive tension in the glottis, and thus it may be expected to be related to an increased risk of vocal fatigue. Methods: The present study investigated the relation of creaky voice use and vocal symptoms in 104 Finnish female university students (mean age 24.3 years, SD 6.3 years). They had no known pathology of voice or hearing. The participants were recorded while reading aloud a text of approximately 40 s in duration. They also filled in a questionnaire consisting of the Voice Handicap Index (VHI, translation in Finnish), and half of them also answered questions about the frequency and severity of symptoms of vocal fatigue. The samples were perceptually analysed for the amount of creakiness and strain by a speech therapist and a voice trainer. Results: The interrater reliability of the listeners was acceptable (Pearson’s χ2 = 100.159, p = 0.000 for creak; χ2 = 69.199, p = 0.000 for strain). Neither creakiness nor strain correlated with vocal symptoms. Participants with a low and a high amount of creakiness or strain did not differ from each other in terms of vocal symptoms or VHI scores. Symptoms’ total score correlated with VHI total score and total scores of VHI’s physical subscale. Creakiness and strain correlated positively with each other (r = 0.40, p = 0.000). Conclusion: No significant relations were found between creakiness or strain and vocal symptoms in this sample of university students.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.