Background: Traditionally, the cerebellum has been considered to control coordinated movement. However, in recent years it has been argued that it contributes to higher cognitive functions. Objectives: This review aims to present recent evidence concerning the role of the cerebellum and discusses how it can contribute to reading. Method: The procedure used involves findings coming from three quite different areas, lesion, anatomic and functional imaging studies. Results: These studies indicate a link between cerebellum and reading and its relationship with specific reading difficulties. Conclusions: Our review provides evidence which is in accordance with the recently established role of the cerebellum as a regulator of mental functions and supports theoretical models suggesting that cerebellar deficits might be a cause of developmental dyslexia.

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