Introduction: Fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lung volume nomograms are increasingly used to prognosticate neonatal outcomes in fetuses with suspected pulmonary hypoplasia. However, pregnancies complicated by fetal anomalies associated with pulmonary hypoplasia may also be complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). If a small lung volume is suspected in such cases, it is often unclear whether the lungs are “small” because of underlying lung pathology, or small fetal size. Existing MRI lung volume nomograms have mostly been stratified by gestational age (GA), rather than estimated fetal weight (EFW). Therefore, we aimed to develop a novel fetal lung volume nomogram stratified by EFW. Methods: Consecutive fetal MRIs performed at a quaternary medical center from 2019 to 2021 were analyzed. MRIs performed due to fetal lung anomalies and cases with FGR were excluded. All MRIs were performed without IV contrast on GE 3 or 1.5 Tesla scanners (GE Healthcare). Images were reviewed by three experienced fetal radiologists. Freehand ROI in square centimeter was drawn around the contours of the lungs on consecutive slices from the apex to the base. The volume of the right, left and total lungs were calculated in mL. Lung volumes were plotted by both EFW and GA. Results: Among 301 MRI studies performed during the study period, 170 cases met inclusion criteria and were analyzed. MRIs were performed between 19- and 38-week gestation, and a sonographic EFW was obtained within a mean of 2.9 days (SD ± 5.5 days, range 0–14 days) of each MRI. Nomograms stratified by both EFW and GA were created using 200 g. and weekly intervals respectively. A formula using EFW to predict total lung volume was calculated: LV = 0.07497804 EFW0.88276 (R2 = 0.87). Conclusions: We developed a novel fetal lung volume nomogram stratified by EFW. If validated, this nomogram may assist clinicians predict outcomes in cases of fetal pulmonary hypoplasia with concomitant FGR.

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