Introduction: The aim of the study was to explore patients’ perspectives on diagnosis and treatment options for complicated monochorionic multiple gestations, and experiences with fetoscopic laser photocoagulation. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study of patients undergoing laser photocoagulation. Participants were interviewed during pregnancy and the postpartum period. Qualitative analysis was performed. Result: Twenty-seven patients who were candidates for laser photocoagulation were included. All elected to have laser photocoagulation. Patients chose surgery with goals of improving survival, decreasing the risk of preterm delivery, and improving the long-term health of their fetuses. They demonstrated accurate knowledge of the risks and benefits of treatment. Most (74%) felt that laser photocoagulation represented their only viable clinical option. Few seriously considered pregnancy termination or selective reduction (7% and 11% respectively). Postpartum, patients expressed no regrets about their decisions for surgery, but many felt unprepared for the challenges of preterm delivery. Conclusion: Participants weighed treatment options similarly to fetal specialists. They acknowledged but did not seriously consider treatments other than fetoscopic laser photocoagulation and were highly motivated to do whatever they could to improve outcomes for their fetuses.

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