Purpose: To report the clinical experience and performance of plasma cell-free DNA sequencing-based noninvasive -prenatal testing (NIPT) as a screening method in detecting trisomy 21, 18, 13 (T21/T18/T13) as well as sex chromosome aneuploidy (SCA) in a mixed-risk population in Iran. Methods: In a 2-year period between January 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016, over 150 medical centers in Iran offered NIPT as clinical screening tests for fetal T21, T18, T13 and SCA. All NIPT positive cases were recommended to undergo invasive prenatal diagnosis. Results: 11,414 maternal blood samples were received for NIPT, for which 11,223 samples obtained NIPT results. Among 11,213 cases with confirmatory results, 94 T21, 39 T18, 8 T13, 15 XO, 6 XXX, 3 XYY, 5 XXY and 11,042 euploid cases were detected. The overall sensitivity of NIPT was 98.90, 100.00, 100.00, 90.91, 100.00, 100.00 and 100.00%, and specificities were 99.96, 99.97, 99.99, 99.96, 99.98, 100.00 and 99.99% for detecting T21, T18, T13, XO, XXX, XYY and XXY, respectively. Conclusion: With a stringent protocol, our prospective large-scale multicentric nationwide study demonstrated that NIPT showed excellent performance as screening test for the detection of fetal T21, T18, T13 and SCA in mixed-risk pregnancies in Iran.

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