The results of transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) were compared in a prospective randomized study with those of transurethral resection(TURP) in patients with benign prostatic obstruction. In this preliminary report, 39 and 40 patients treated with TUMT and TURP, respectively, were followed between 2 and 12 months. Statistically significant improvements in symptom score, maximum flow rate, residual urine and maximum bladder capacity at cystometry were observed in both groups. The improvements were more pronounced in the TURP group, but major complications were more frequent in this group. Results are compared to other published studies.

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