Using immunostaining for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and prostatic acid phosphatase (PAP), we can demonstrate prostate-analogous periurethral glands (the ‘female prostate’) in 66.7% of 33 cases. Histomorphologically, these glands resemble strongly the male prostate glands before puberty. They remain immature throughout life from the fetal period up to advanced age obviously because of a lack of an androgenic stimulus. The glands have long ducts leading into the urethra. A proper stroma component is missing. The immunohistochemical behavior of these glands also corresponds widely to that of the male prostate glands before puberty. No indications can be found for a proper biological function.

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