To study the efficacy, specificity and sensitivity of ultrasonography, cytology and phospholipid/fatty acid quotient (PL/FA) in the detection of recurrences in patients with superficial bladder cancer we performed these three examinations simultaneously with cystoscopy. In over 405 cystoscopies, 348 were negative and 57 were positive for tumor. Sensitivity, the most important parameter, was 73% for the three examinations together. Each method separately had the following sensitivity: ultrasound 26%; cytology 14%, and PL/FA 47%. Considering that there were only 15 false-negatives, with this follow-up scheme we save the patient from a lot of cystoscopies, avoiding their inherent morbidity.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.