Captopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, was used as a protective agent before and after 90 min of renal warm ischemia in rats. At a dose of 1 mg/kg, it was able to lower the postoperative serum creatinine values significantly (from 6.3 to 2.5 mg% on the 2nd postoperative day) in unilaterally nephrectomized animals. Increasing the dose to 4 and 8 mg/kg or combining captopril with hypertonic mannitol (10 ml/kg of a 15 % aqueous solution) did not improve these figures significantly. The same magnitude of protection was obtained when captopril was given either before or just after the ischemia. In terms of mortality the differences among unprotected and protected groups were very important: only 6 of 24 unprotected animals survived the 5th postoperative day while 42 of 44 protected animals survived.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.