Functional competition has been shown to lead to a detrimental outcome in auxiliary liver transplantation. We evaluated the interaction in auxiliary partial orthotopic liver transplantation between the native liver and the graft in terms of portal flow and regeneration. The need for diversion of the portal flow to the graft was also assessed. Reduced-size liver grafts were transplanted orthotopically after partial hepatectomy in beagles. There were two groups: the preserved group, where portal inflow to the native liver was preserved, and the ligated group, where it was interrupted. Portal flow was measured serially and liver regeneration was evaluated on postoperative day 5. Functional competition was not observed in the preserved group. On the other hand, ligation of the native liver portal vein had no obviously detrimental effects on the remnant native liver. This leads to the conclusion that the portal vein to the native liver can be safely ligated to prevent functional competition.