The regeneration of the liver following resection is regulated by a variety of factors and it might be expected that jaundice influences the process. We therefore evaluated the regenerative response to major hepatectomy in bile-obstructed rats. Two weeks after ligation of the common bile duct, a standardized 77% hepatectomy was undertaken. The jaundiced animals showed an augmented liver regeneration compared to nonjaundiced individuals (p < 0.01). However, blood clearance of radiolabelled Escherichia coli bacteria was impaired (p < 0.01) in animals with bile obstruction at 7 days after the hepatectomy, accompanied by reduced bacterial uptake in the liver as a sign of impaired reticuloendothelial system function.

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