Introduction: This study aimed to comprehensively evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of cerebellar repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in the rehabilitation of post-stroke dysphagia (PSD). Methods: Following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines, we systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the application of cerebellar rTMS in the treatment of PSD. Inclusion and exclusion criteria were rigorously applied during the screening process, and pertinent characteristics of the included RCTs were meticulously extracted. The I2 statistic was employed to assess heterogeneity, and meta-analysis was conducted using Stata 17 software. The Cochrane Risk of Bias 2 tool and PEDro scale were utilized to evaluate bias risk and literature quality. Results: Our analysis encompassed a total of 5 RCTs involving 673 patients with dysphagia who met the inclusion criteria. The findings indicated a significant positive impact of cerebellar rTMS when combined with traditional swallowing exercises on PSD, demonstrating superior efficacy compared to conventional swallowing exercises in isolation. Furthermore, the study revealed no statistically significant differences based on stimulation site (unilateral vs. bilateral cerebellum), stimulation mode (rTMS vs. intermittent theta-burst stimulation), and stimulation frequency (5 Hz vs. 10 Hz). Conclusion: The amalgamation of cerebellar rTMS with conventional swallowing exercises demonstrates notable efficacy, surpassing the outcomes achievable with traditional exercises alone. The sustained effectiveness observed underscores the potential of cerebellar rTMS as an innovative avenue in the field of neurorehabilitation for PSD. This study contributes valuable insights into the prospect of utilizing cerebellar rTMS as an adjunctive therapeutic strategy in the management of PSD, emphasizing its relevance for further exploration and clinical application.

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