The spectrum of para-infectious neurological symptoms was examined by a retrospective study of 57 patients admitted with acute neurological symptoms which were eventually interpreted as secondary to urinary tract infection. The symptoms encountered most frequently were confusion, gait disturbances, and drowsiness. Patients with Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis or a previous stroke often experienced a deterioration of their preexisting neurological deficits. We suggest that para-infectious encephalopathy (PE) is a mild form of septic encephalopathy with a distinct clinical pattern.

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