We report a right-handed patient who showed a marked loss of unilateral volitional movements of the left limbs after the onset of a cerebral infarction in the combined territories of the right anterior and middle cerebral arteries. The same limbs retained their mobility in acts requiring bilateral sides of the body. This left-sided abnormal behavior resembled motor neglect resulting from lateralized brain damage. Behavioral and neuroradiological findings presented by this patient, however, suggested that callosal disconnection was definitely involved in this symptomatology. We postulate that in this patient, the diseased right hemisphere could no longer initiate movements of the left limbs despite its potential ability to realize them, and that the injured callosum prevented the intact left hemisphere from initiating unilateral voluntary movements of the left limbs. We suggest that this so far undescribed symptomatology be called ‘initiation pseudohemiakinesia’ in order to be distinguished from other rare forms of unilateral voluntary movements like motor neglect, extinction or directional hypokinesia.

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