61 of 1,590 (3.8%) patients with cerebrovascular disease showed suprabulbar palsy of the pure form (42 patients; 2 had autopsy) and striate form (19 patients; 3 had autopsy). 25 patients with the pallidopyramidal syndrome were included since the clinical picture bordered on the striate form. The pure variety was characterized by dysarthria, dysphagia and automatic voluntary dissociation of facial movements. Half of the patients also had hemiparesis, primitive reflexes and short-step gait. In the striate form, the main signs were dysarthria, dysphagia, automatic voluntary dissociation, rigidity and hypokinesia. Brisk tendon reflexes, primitive reflexes, short-step gait and mental deterioration were also present in half of the patients. The pure variety was caused by multiple infarcts and/or lacunae (85.7%), while the striate form had vascular lesions by computed tomography in only 36.8% of the cases. Histological findings, showing lipohyalinosis of the arterial wall leading to stenosis and occlusion of the lumen and tissue rarefaction and disintegration, support the assumption that microinfarctions, sometimes found only by histopathological examination, are the leading pathogenetic factor in this form. Hypertension, cardiopathy, smoking habit, dyslipemia and diabetes are the most frequent risk factors in both forms.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.