Aims: This study was designed to review the clinical features of stercoral colonic perforation and to evaluate the appropriate intraoperative procedures and postoperative management to achieve the best surgical outcomes. Methods: Between January 2009 and December 2015, 12 patients with stercoral perforation confirmed surgically and pathologically were included in this study, and their medical records were reviewed retrospectively. Results: The enrolled patients included 2 men and 10 women; their mean age was 73.8 years. Abdomino-pelvic CT was an important diagnostic tool, which revealed fecalomas, extraluminal air and pericolic fat stranding in all patients. Hartmann's operation was performed in all patients, with a mean operation time of 239.3 min. Perforation site was in the left colon, mainly in the sigmoid colon. Intraoperative hypotension developed in 8 cases (66.7%). Postoperatively, all patients needed intensive care for 6.5 days and 6 patients needed the administration of inotropic agents for 3.0 days postoperatively. Disseminated intravascular coagulation developed in 10 cases (83.3%). There was no surgical mortality. Conclusion: Colorectal surgeons should be aware of the possibility of stercoral perforation, despite its rare incidence. Deep understanding of this potentially fatal disease by surgeons could reduce surgical mortality and improve postoperative outcomes.

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