Aim: This study aims at identifying the risk factors for the development of pre-cancerous pouch and/or cuff adenomas post ileal pouch anal anastomosis (IPAA) in familial adenomatous polyposis patients. Method: We retrospectively studied 59 patients operated at a single medical center during a 26-year period. Data on the timing and location of adenoma recurrence were recorded and possible correlations with patients' gender, age, presence of desmoid tumor, duodenal adenomas, type of anastomosis and number of operation stages were analyzed. Results: Thirty-five (59%) patients had at least one adenoma in either the cuff or the pouch, including 20 with isolated cuff adenomas, 4 with isolated pouch adenomas and 11 patients with adenomas in both the pouch and cuff. There was no significant correlation between gender, age at surgery, type of anastomosis, number of operative stages and the development of pouch or cuff adenomas. Desmoid tumor and pouch adenomas were significantly correlated with cuff adenomas formation. Duodenal adenomas were associated with pouch adenomas. There was some relationship between the development of cuff adenomas and the burden of colonic polyps, as well as the presence of duodenal adenomas. Conclusion: Adenomas in both the pouch and cuff commonly occur following IPAA, mandating lifelong annual endoscopic surveillance.

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