Etretinate (Tigason®, Tegison®) and its active metabolite acitretin (Neotigason®, Soriatane®) are known teratogens. Pregnancy should be avoided during treatment and until 2 years after treatment discontinuation. The question is discussed whether a dose or a blood concentration of the drug below which there is no teratogenic risk can be determined. Animal experimental and human pharmacokinetic data are reviewed. An evaluation of the outcomes of pregnancies which occurred in mothers exposed to etretinate or acitretin was performed. A threshold dose in human therapy below which there is no risk of congenital malformation cannot be determined based on animal experimental data. With regard to pharmacokinetics, there are currently no data suggesting that blood levels of the drug below the detection limit of 2 ng/ml are associated with a teratogenic risk. The most useful information is given by reports in women who were exposed to either retinoid before or during pregnancy. The data indicate that the risk of spontaneous abortion or congenital malformation is high when the drug is administered during the first trimester of pregnancy. After treatment discontinuation, the risk is low since the number of abnormalities seems not to exceed those observed in a general population. There are currently no available data which suggest that the pregnancy warnings are inappropriate in terms of duration of contraception.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.