Although the electromechanical properties of, and the cholinergic innervation to adult airway smooth muscle has been extensively studied, little information is available on developing human airway smooth muscle, and the role of cholinergic mechanisms in regulating bronchomotor tone. A total of 7 tracheae obtained at the time of elective abortion and between 12-16 weeks of gestational development were used in this study. For each trachea,muscle tension and transmembrane potentials were measured simultaneously using an isometric force transducer and a standard 3-M KCl-filled glass microelectrode. All preparations showed spontaneous electrical oscillations approximately 8 mV in amplitude, which could be increased using electrical field stimulation, or exogenously applied acetylcholine. This was accompanied by a corresponding increase in muscle tension. Atropine (0.1 μM) abolished this potentiation, but had no apparent effect on the oscillations. Slow-wave activity was completely suppressed in the absence of extracellular Ca^2+, or in the presence of verapamil(1 μM) or quinidine (1 μM). It appears that these oscillations of membrane potential may be potentiated by cholinergic mechanisms which regulate cell membrane ion channels, thus serving to change excitability in a rhythmic manner.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.