Background: Vonoprazan (VPZ) is a novel potassium-competitive acid blocker that may be clinically beneficial for proton pump inhibitor (PPI)-resistant reflux esophagitis (RE). The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacies of VPZ therapy at 20 mg for 4 weeks in patients with PPI-resistant RE and VPZ maintenance therapy at 10 mg for 8 weeks in patients who have been successfully treated. Methods: Subjects comprised 24 patients with PPI-resistant RE (Los Angeles classification grade A/B/C/D: 3/7/11/3). After confirming PPI-resistant RE by endoscopy, 20 mg VPZ was administered. Endoscopy was performed 4 weeks after the initiation of VPZ. Symptoms were evaluated using the frequency scale for the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (FSSG). Maintenance therapy with 10 mg VPZ was performed and endoscopy was conducted after 8 weeks. Results: In 21 (87.5%) out of 24 patients, esophageal mucosal breaks were successfully treated by 20 mg VPZ. The median FSSG score was significantly lower on days 1-7, 14, and 28 after the initiation of VPZ than before its administration. Maintenance therapy with 10 mg VPZ prevented the relapse of esophageal mucosal breaks in 16 (76.2%) out of 21 patients. Conclusion: VPZ was effective for most patients with PPI-resistant RE.

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