Background/Aim: The combination of elevated total homocysteine (tHcy) levels and low levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) are linked to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in some studies, although the evidence is mixed. Our objective was to prospectively investigate the association between tHcy and TSH and the subsequent development of AD. Methods: A subsample of 200 nondemented subjects was taken from the Kungsholmen Project, a population-based study among people ≥75 years. Information about tHcy and TSH levels were taken from the baseline investigation of the Kungsholmen Project study. Results: Increased tHcy levels were related to an elevated risk of AD (n = 61) after a mean follow-up time of 6.7 years. People with high tHcy (the 3rd tertile) had more than twice as high a risk of developing AD than those with low tHcy, even after adjusting for age, sex, education, ApoE status, MMSE score and laboratory parameters. tHcy was negatively correlated with TSH (p = 0.02). There was neither an influence of TSH nor an interaction between tHcy and TSH in the development of AD. Conclusions: These results suggest that homocysteine, but not TSH, is involved in the development of AD. The connection between elevated tHcy and low TSH levels needs to be studied further.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.