Zenker’s diverticulum is a pouch protruding posteriorly above the upper esophageal sphincter, in the Killian’s triangle, an area of relative weakness. Zenker’s diverticulum was thought, for many years, to occur as a result of cricopharyngeal incoordination but more recent evidence points to poor upper sphincter compliance with diminished sphincter opening and increased hypopharyngeal pressures. Small Zenker’s diverticula may be asymptomatic. As they become larger, symptoms include dysphagia, food regurgitation, and a sensation of globus. The best diagnostic method is a barium swallow with attention to the cricopharyngeal area. Although gastroesophageal reflux may be responsible for many throat symptoms, the relationship of reflux to the pathogenesis of Zenker’s diverticulum is speculative. The treatment of Zenker’s diverticulum is surgical. There have been many variations in technique over the years. Diverticulectomy with cricopharyngeal myotomy remains the most frequently performed operation. Endoscopic treatment with or without laser stapling has been reported but is not popular in the United States.

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