The persistence of activated myofibroblasts is a hallmark of fibrosis of many organs. Thus, the modulation of the generation/functionality of these cells may represent a strategical anti-fibrotic therapeutic option. Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-based therapy has shown promising clues, but some criticisms still limit the clinical use of these cells, including the need to avoid xenogeneic compound contamination for ex vivo cell amplification and the identification of appropriate growth factors acting as a pre-conditioning agent and/or cell delivery vehicle during transplantation, thus enabling the improvement of cell survival in the host tissue microenvironment. Many studies have demonstrated the ability of platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a source of many biologically active molecules, to positively influence MSC proliferation, survival, and functionality, as well as its anti-fibrotic potential. Here we investigated the effects of PRP, murine and human bone marrow-derived MSCs, and of the combined treatment PRP/MSCs on in vitro differentiation of murine NIH/3T3 and human HDFα fibroblasts to myofibroblasts induced by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, a well-known pro-fibrotic agent. The myofibroblastic phenotype was evaluated morphologically (cell shape and actin cytoskeleton assembly) and immunocytochemically (vinculin-rich focal adhesion clustering, α-smooth muscle actin and type-1 collagen expression). We found that PRP and MSCs, both as single treatments and in combination, were able to prevent the TGF-β1-induced fibroblast-myofibroblast transition. Unexpectedly, the combination PRP/MSCs had no synergistic effects. In conclusion, within the limitations related to an in vitro experimentation, our study may contribute to providing an experimental background for supporting the anti-fibrotic potential of the combination PRP/MSCs which, once translated “from bench to bedside,” could potentially offer advantages over the single treatments.