Continuous vectorcardiography ischemic monitoring (VCG) is a noninvasive technique which has contributed much to our understanding of the dynamics of acute coronary syndromes. For risk assessment of patients with unstable angina pectoris or non-Q-wave myocardial infarction, VCG shows important prognostic power which is further enhanced by its combination with the measurement of highly sensitive and specific biochemical markers of myocardial injury. VCG surveillance after revascularization therapy of Q-wave myocardial infarction is widely accepted because of its potential of assessing vessel patency, of estimating infarct size, and of revealing residual myocardial ischemia. Valuable prognostic information is available in real time with VCG, and treatment strategies may be based upon more reliable grounds. In this survey, the VCG technique is presented together with the most frequently used vectorcardiographic variables. Further, the use of the method for risk stratification of patients with unstable coronary syndromes is also described.

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