Aquaporin-2 (AQP2) increases the water permeability of renal collecting ducts in response to vasopressin. Vasopressin stimulation is accompanied by a profound remodeling of actin cytoskeleton whose dynamics are regulated by crosstalk between intracellular and extracellular signals. Here, we report that AQP2 contains a conserved RGD domain in its external C-loop. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that AQP2 binds integrin β1 in renal tissue and in MCD4 cells. To investigate the role of this interaction on AQP2 trafficking, cells were exposed to synthetic RGD-containing peptides, GRGDNP or GRGDSP, able to bind certain integrins. Incubation with these peptides increased the membrane expression of AQP2 in the absence of hormonal stimulation as assessed by confocal analysis and cell surface biotinylation. To identify the signals underlying the effects of peptides on AQP2 trafficking, some possible intracellular messengers were evaluated. Exposure of MCD4 cells to GRGDNP increased intracellular cAMP as assessed by FRET studies while GRGDSP increased intracellular calcium concentration. Taken together, these data propose integrins as new players controlling the cellular localization of AQP2, via two distinct signal transduction pathways dependent on cAMP and calcium respectively.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.