The phosphoinositol 3 kinase (PI3K) and the phosphoinositide dependent kinase (PDK1) stimulate the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase (SGK) and protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) isoforms, kinases stimulating a variety of transporters. Most recently, SGK1 was shown to stimulate the peptide transporters PepT1 and PepT2, and to mediate the glucocorticoid stimulation of PepT1. Basal electrogenic intestinal peptide transport was, however, not dependent on the presence of SGK1. The present study explored whether basal electrogenic intestinal peptide transport is dependent on PI3K or PDK1. To this end, peptide transport in intestinal segments was determined utilizing Ussing chamber analysis. Cytosolic pH (pHi) was determined by BCECF fluorescence. The luminal addition of 5 mM dipeptide gly-gly induced a current (Ip) across intestinal segments. Ip was significantly decreased in the presence of PI3 kinase inhibitors Wortmannin (1 µM) or LY294002 (50 µM). Exposure of isolated intestinal cells to 5 mM gly-gly was followed by cytosolic acidification (ΔpHi), which was significantly blunted by Wortmannin and by LY294002. Both, Ip and ΔpHi were significantly smaller in PDK1 hypomorphic mice (pdk1flfl) than in their wild type littermates (pdk1wt). In conclusion, PI3K and PDK1 participate in the regulation of basal peptide transport.

This content is only available via PDF.
Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer
Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.
You do not currently have access to this content.